Q: Is shame a painful? ¶
A: Yes, and social emotion that can be seen as resulting "...from comparison of the self's action with the self's standards".
Q: Is shame contempt? ¶
A: Yes, Two realms in which shame is expressed are the consciousness of self as bad and self as inadequate.
Q: Is shame induced? ¶
A: Yes, and inside children, by all forms of child abuse.
Q: Is shame a violation of cultural or social values while guilt feelings arise from violations of one's internal values? ¶
Q: Is shame a painful feeling about oneself as a person? ¶
Q: Is shame heteronomous? ¶
A: Yes, Bernard Williams and others have argued that shame can be autonomous. Shame may carry the connotation of a response to something that is morally wrong whereas embarrassment is the response to something that is morally neutral but socially unacceptable.
Q: Is shame thought to derive from an older word meaning "to cover"? ¶
A: Yes, as such, covering oneself, literally or figuratively, is a natural expression of shame.
Q: Is shame a heteronomous emotion, i.e? ¶
A: Yes, whether or not shame does involve recognition on the part of the ashamed that they have been judged negatively by others.
Q: Is shame important because no other affect is more disturbing to the self? ¶
A: Yes, and none more central for the sense of identity.
Q: Is shame a much more intense experience and one that is not functional? ¶
Q: Is shame the source of low self-esteem? ¶
A: Yes, and diminished self image, poor self concept, and deficient body-image.
Q: Is shame directly about the self? ¶
A: Yes, and which is the focus of evaluation.
Q: Is shame saying "I am bad"? ¶
A: Yes, There is a big difference between the two.
Q: Is shame central to the emergence of alienation? ¶
A: Yes, and loneliness, inferiority and perfectionism.
Q: Is shame derived from that of affect theory? ¶
A: Yes, and namely that shame is one of a set of instinctual, short-duration physiological reactions to stimulation.
Q: Is shame an acutely self-conscious state in which the self is 'split,' imagining the self in the eyes of the other? ¶
A: Yes, by contrast, in guilt the self is unified.