Q: Is a parenting the biological parent of the child in question? ¶
A: Yes, although others may be an older sibling, a grandparent, a legal guardian, aunt, uncle or other family member, or a family friend.
Q: Is a parenting more popular in middle-class families than in working-class families? ¶
Q: Is a parenting positively related to mental health and satisfaction with life? ¶
A: Yes, and authoritarian parenting is negatively related to these variables.