**Q: **Is arithmetic an elementary part of number theory? ¶

**A: **Yes, and number theory is considered to be one of the top-level divisions of modern mathematics, along with algebra, geometry, and analysis.

**Q: **Was arithmetic one of the seven liberal arts taught in universities? ¶

**A: **Yes.

**Q: **Is arithmetic limited to a small number of artifacts which may indicate the conception of addition and subtraction? ¶

**A: **Yes, and the best-known being the Ishango bone from central Africa, dating from somewhere between 20,000 and 18,000 BC, although its interpretation is disputed.

**Q: **Is arithmetic developed over many centuries and are well-documented in many textbooks in many different languages? ¶

**A: **Yes.

**Q: **Was arithmetic used by Islamic Scholars in order to teach application of the rulings related to Zakat and Irth? ¶

**A: **Yes.

**Q: **Is arithmetic performed according to an order of operations? ¶

**A: **Yes.

**Q: **Is arithmetic the application of arithmetic operations to mixed radix quantities such as feet and inches? ¶

**A: **Yes, and gallons and pints, pounds shillings and pence, and so on.

**Q: **Is arithmetic used until the beginning of the 20th century as synonyms for number theory and are sometimes still used to refer to a wider part of number theory? ¶

**A: **Yes.