Alcohol FAQs:


Q: Is alcohol any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group is bound to a saturated carbon atom?

A: Yes.

Q: Is alcohol tertiary alcohols which have seen both medicinal and recreational use?

A: Yes.

Q: Are alcohols to be reacted with hydrochloric acid?

A: Yes, and an activator such as zinc chloride is needed.

Q: Is alcohol often called with the name of the corresponding alkyl group followed by the word "alcohol"?

A: Yes, and e.g., methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol.

Q: Are alcohols then classified into primary?

A: Yes, and secondary , and tertiary , based upon the number of carbon atoms connected to the carbon atom that bears the hydroxyl functional group.

Q: Are alcohols more acidic than is water?

A: Yes.

Q: Are alcohols metabolized into aldehydes then to carboxylic acids whose toxicities are similar to acetaldehyde and acetic acid?

A: Yes.

Q: Are alcohols substantially more poisonous than ethanol?

A: Yes, and partly because they take much longer to be metabolized and partly because their metabolism produces substances that are even more toxic.

Q: Was alcohol extended to distilled substances in general?

A: Yes, and then narrowed to ethanol, when "spirits" as a synonym for hard liquor.

Q: Are alcohols themselves nucleophilic?

A: Yes, so R−OH2+ can react with ROH to produce ethers and water in a dehydration reaction, although this reaction is rarely used except in the manufacture of diethyl ether.

Q: Is alcohol produced?

A: Yes.

Q: Are alcohols produced from ethylene and triethylaluminium followed by oxidation and hydrolysis?

A: Yes.

Q: Are alcohols strongly affected by solvation?

A: Yes.

Q: Are alcohols produced by hydroformylation of alkenes followed by hydrogenation?

A: Yes.

Q: Is alcohol methanol?

A: Yes, for which R=H, and the next is ethanol, for which R=CH3, the methyl group.

Q: Is alcohol oxidized to form acetone by alcohol dehydrogenase in the liver?

A: Yes, but has occasionally been abused by alcoholics, leading to a range of adverse health effects.

Q: Is alcohol deoxygenated to an alkane with tributyltin hydride or a trimethylborane-water complex in a radical substitution reaction?

A: Yes.

Q: Are alcohols : the tendency of the polar OH to promote solubility in water?

A: Yes, and the tendency of the carbon chain to resist it.

Q: Are alcohols miscible in organic solvents?

A: Yes.

Q: Are alcohols less poisonous than ethanol?

A: Yes, because the liver is unable to metabolize them into toxic by-products.

Q: Are alcohols those of the form RR'CHOH, the simplest of which is 2-propanol?

A: Yes, For the tertiary alcohols the general form is RR'R"COH".

Q: Are alcohols often referred to by common names derived by adding the word "alcohol" to the name of the appropriate alkyl group?

A: Yes.

Q: Is alcohol often used as a preservative for specimens in the fields of science and medicine?

A: Yes.