Reason FAQs:

Q: Is reason the capacity for consciously making sense of things?

A: Yes, and establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.

Q: Is reason seen as complementary rather than adversarial?

A: Yes.

Q: Is reason relevant to political and ethical thought because?

A: Yes, and according to the Aristotelian theory, a best way of living together exists independently of historical circumstances.

Q: Is reason divine or at least has divine attributes?

A: Yes.

Q: Is reason symbolic thinking?

A: Yes, and peculiarly human, then this implies that humans have a special ability to maintain a clear consciousness of the distinctness of "icons" or images and the real things they represent.

Q: Is reason the kind of reason employed by the sciences?

A: Yes.

Q: Is reason the Sovereign of the World?

A: Yes, that the history of the world, therefore, presents us with a rational process.

Q: Is reason the reason that is used when an individual is "a cog in a machine" or when one "has a role to play in society and jobs to do: to be a soldier"?

A: Yes, and to have taxes to pay, to be in charge of a parish, to be a civil servant.

Q: Is reason for Plotinus both the provider of form to material things?

A: Yes, and the light which brings individuals souls back into line with their source.

Q: Is reason sometimes argued to be compatible with the other practice of other religions of a different nature?

A: Yes, such as Hinduism, because they do not define their tenets in such an absolute way.

Q: Is reason the reason used "when one is reasoning as a reasonable being "?

A: Yes, when one is reasoning as a member of reasonable humanity.

Q: Was reason described by Plato as being the natural monarch which should rule over the other parts?

A: Yes, such as spiritedness and the passions.

Q: Is reason typically found in works of art and literature?

A: Yes, and encompasses the novel ways of seeing the world and interpreting things that those practices embody.

Q: Is reason sometimes termed "calculative" reason?

A: Yes.

Q: Is reason done outside the system by such methods as skipping steps?

A: Yes, and working backward, drawing diagrams, looking at examples, or seeing what happens if you change the rules of the system.

Q: Is reason a consideration given which either explains or justifies events?

A: Yes, and phenomena, or behavior.

Q: Is reason often said to be reflexive?

A: Yes, or "self-correcting," and the critique of reason has been a persistent theme in philosophy.

Q: Is reason a type of thought?

A: Yes, and the word "logic" involves the attempt to describe rules or norms by which reasoning operates, so that orderly reasoning can be taught.

Q: Is reason that injustice is most difficult to deal with when furnished with weapons?

A: Yes, and the weapons a human being has are meant by nature to go along with prudence and virtue, but it is only too possible to turn them to contrary uses.

Q: Is reason not qualitatively different from either simply conceiving individual ideas?

A: Yes, or from judgments associating two ideas, and that "reason is nothing but a wonderful and unintelligible instinct in our souls, which carries us along a certain train of ideas, and endows them with particular qualities, according to their particular situations and relations".

Q: Was reason considered of higher stature than other characteristics of human nature?

A: Yes, such as sociability, because it is something humans share with nature itself, linking an apparently immortal part of the human mind with the divine order of the cosmos itself.