Petroleum FAQs:

Q: Is petroleum separated using a technique called fractional distillation i.e?

A: Yes, separation of a liquid mixture into fractions differing in boiling point by means of distillation, typically using a fractionating column.

Q: Is petroleum heterogeneous?

A: Yes, and composed of hydrocarbon chains of different lengths.

Q: Is petroleum fuels?

A: Yes.

Q: Was petroleum used for transportation?

A: Yes, and 24 percent by industry , 5 percent for residential and commercial uses, and 2 percent for electricity production.

Q: Is petroleum a fossil fuel derived from ancient fossilized organic materials?

A: Yes, such as zooplankton and algae.

Q: Is petroleum used mostly?

A: Yes, and by volume, for producing fuel oil and gasoline, both important "primary energy" sources.

Q: Is petroleum converted into energy-rich fuels?

A: Yes, and including gasoline, diesel, jet, heating, and other fuel oils, and liquefied petroleum gas.

Q: Is petroleum used in manufacturing a wide variety of materials?

A: Yes, and it is estimated that the world consumes about 95 million barrels each day.

Q: Is petroleum also the raw material for many chemical products?

A: Yes, and including pharmaceuticals, solvents, fertilizers, pesticides, and plastics.

Q: Is petroleum a mixture of a very large number of different hydrocarbons?

A: Yes, the most commonly found molecules are alkanes , cycloalkanes , aromatic hydrocarbons, or more complicated chemicals like asphaltenes.

Q: Was petroleum often used to refer to mineral oils produced by distillation from mined organic solids such as cannel coal , and refined oils produced from them?

A: Yes, in the United Kingdom, storage of these oils were regulated by a series of Petroleum Acts, from the Petroleum Act 1863 onwards.

Q: Is petroleum a naturally occurring substance, its presence in the environment need not be the result of human causes such as accidents and routine activities?

A: Yes, Phenomena such as seeps and tar pits are examples of areas that petroleum affects without man's involvement.

Q: Is petroleum formed when large quantities of dead organisms?

A: Yes, and usually zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and subjected to both intense heat and pressure.

Q: Is petroleum also the raw material for many chemical products, including pharmaceuticals, solvents, fertilizers, pesticides, and plastics?

A: Yes, the 16 percent not used for energy production is converted into these other materials.

Q: Is petroleum found in porous rock formations in the upper strata of some areas of the Earth's crust?

A: Yes.

Q: Is petroleum vital to many industries?

A: Yes, and is of importance to the maintenance of industrialized civilization itself, and thus is a critical concern to many nations.