Jury FAQs:

Q: Is a jury a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict officially submitted to them by a court?

A: Yes, or to set a penalty or judgment.

Q: Are juries sometimes used in non-legal or quasi-legal contexts?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries an arduous task?

A: Yes, and contemporary research has provided partial support for the proficiency of juries as decision makers.

Q: Is a jury not persuaded of guilt and the "not proven" verdict is only used when the jury is not certain of innocence or guilt?

A: Yes.

Q: Was a jury reintroduced in 1887, and is solely used in criminal cases on the second tier of the three-tier Norwegian court system?

A: Yes, The jury consists of 10 people, and has to reach a majority verdict consisting of seven or more of the jurors.

Q: Are juries sometimes called on?

A: Yes, when asked to do so by a judge in the jury instructions, to make factual findings on particular issues.

Q: Was a jury not instructed that Nanavati's defence had to be proved?

A: Yes, and to the extent that there is no reasonable doubt in the mind of a reasonable person.

Q: Is a jury generally a body that a coroner can convene on an optional basis in order to increase public confidence in the coroner's finding where there might otherwise be a controversy?

A: Yes.

Q: Was a jury introduced in most German states after the revolutionary events of 1848?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries selected from jury pools?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury to provide a "cross-section" of the public?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury often restricted?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury then randomly selected by drawing of lots?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury used?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury described as that of a finder of fact?

A: Yes, while the judge is seen as having the sole responsibility of interpreting the appropriate law and instructing the jury accordingly.

Q: Is a jury traditionally larger than and distinguishable from the petit jury used during a trial?

A: Yes, and usually with 12 jurors.

Q: Are juries also allowed to make suggestions for sentencing periods at the time of sentencing?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries charged both with the task of finding guilt or innocence as well assessing and fixing sentences?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries used for some criminal trials but not others?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries the Juries Act 1976 as amended by the Civil Law Act 2008?

A: Yes.

Q: Were juries phased out as late as the 17th century?

A: Yes, when Norway´s central government was in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Q: Is a jury presented before the judge by the Crown prosecutor before the sentence is handed down?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury at the heart of the judicial system and placed the blame for a few complicated jury trials failing on inadequate preparation by the prosecution?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury required?

A: Yes, and a group of 16–23 citizens holds an inquiry on criminal complaints brought by the prosecutor to decide whether a trial is warranted , in which case an indictment is issued.

Q: Are juries most often convened in order to avoid the appearance of impropriety by one governmental official in the criminal justice system toward another if no charges are filed against the person causing the death?

A: Yes, when a governmental party such as a law enforcement officer is involved in the death.

Q: Are juries also used in some civil law trials, such as for defamation?

A: Yes, they are sometimes used at coroner's inquests.

Q: Is a jury intended to be an impartial panel capable of reaching a verdict?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury strictly a matter of state law?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries used in trials for all trials involving Category 4 offences such as treason?

A: Yes, and murder and manslaughter, although in exceptional circumstances a judge-alone trial may be ordered.

Q: Were juries abolished?

A: Yes, and the layman continued to play an important role in the legal system throughout in Norway.

Q: Is a jury convened to hear only testimony and evidence to determine whether there is a sufficient basis for deciding to indict the defendant and proceed toward trial?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury always used?

A: Yes, unless both the accused and the prosecutor agree that the trial should not be in front of a jury.

Q: Were juries sometimes used in American law to serve a purpose similar to an investigatory commission?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries juries selected from prominent?

A: Yes, and well-educated citizens, sometimes to investigate a particular problem such as civic corruption.

Q: Were juries provided for by statutes?

A: Yes, and the terms varying by jurisdiction.

Q: Are juries infrequently used in civil trials in Canada?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries initially chosen randomly?

A: Yes, and usually from the eligible population of adult citizens residing in the court's jurisdictional area.

Q: Is a jury "the lamp that shows that freedom lives" and that it is a "little parliament"?

A: Yes, The second metaphor emphasises that, just as members of parliament are generally dominated by government but can occasionally assert their independence, juries are usually dominated by judges but can, in extraordinary circumstances, throw off this control.

Q: Are juries usually only used in cases of defamation?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries most common in common law adversarial-system jurisdictions?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries instructed by the judge to follow the judge's instructions concerning what is the law?

A: Yes, and to render a verdict solely on the evidence presented in court.

Q: Are juries often justified because they leaven the law with community norms?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury very important?

A: Yes, and in order to get a proper and agreed verdict.

Q: Was a jury alleged to have been influenced by media and public support for Nanavati?

A: Yes, and the Indian government abolished jury trials after the case even though no comparative study was done on media influence on judges and on Jury.

Q: Is a jury optional for civil trials in any Australian state?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries not used in other criminal and civil cases?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury impaneled?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury given guidance on points of law and then sent out to consider its verdict?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury formed?

A: Yes, and then, of the remaining prospective jurors in the order that their names were originally chosen.

Q: Are juries composed of fifteen residents?

A: Yes.

Q: Were juries required to render unanimous verdicts in the jurisdictions studied?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury normally compulsory for individuals who are qualified for jury service?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries not paid, nor do they receive travel expenses?

A: Yes, however they do receive lunch for the days that they are serving.

Q: Is a jury needed?

A: Yes, and in the United States—anywhere from 15 to 30 prospective jurors are sent to the courtroom to participate in voir dire, pronounced [vwaʁ diʁ] in French, and defined as the oath to speak the truth in the examination testing competence of a juror, or in another application, a witness.

Q: Are juries selected from a jury panel which is picked at random by the county registrar from the electoral register?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury to be convened to serve on the jury?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a jury intended to overcome the problems of ordinary juries in interpreting complex technical or commercial questions?

A: Yes.

Q: Are juries often instructed to avoid learning about the case from any source other than the trial and not to conduct their own investigations?

A: Yes, Parties to the case, lawyers, and witnesses are not allowed to speak with a member of the jury.