Galley FAQs:

Q: Is a galley a type of ship that is propelled mainly by rowing?

A: Yes.

Q: Are galleys called triaconters and penteconters?

A: Yes, For later galleys with more than one row of oars, the terminology is based on Latin numerals with the suffix -reme from rēmus, "oar". A monoreme has one bank of oars, a bireme two and a trireme three.

Q: Were galleys put in action in conflicts such as the Punic Wars between the Roman republic and Carthage?

A: Yes, and which included massive naval battles with hundreds of vessels and tens of thousands of soldiers, seamen and rowers.

Q: Were galleys still widely used in the north and were the most numerous warships used by Mediterranean powers with interests in the north?

A: Yes, and especially the French and Iberian kingdoms.

Q: Were galleys the greatest horror of the old regime""?

A: Yes, Long after convicts stopped serving in the galleys, and even after the reign of Napoleon, the term galérien remained a symbolic general term for forced labor and convicts serving harsh sentences.

Q: Were galleys still depicted with the distinctive extreme sheer?

A: Yes, but had by then developed the distinctive forward-curving stern decorations with ornaments in the shape of lotus flowers.

Q: Were galleys in intermittent use in the Baltic Sea?

A: Yes, and with its short distances and extensive archipelagoes.

Q: Were galleys involved in actions against Antwerp and Harwich?

A: Yes, but due to the intricacies of alliance politics there were never any Franco-Spanish galley clashes.

Q: Were galleys more closely associated with land warfare?

A: Yes, and the prestige associated with it.

Q: Are galleys the upswing in Western European pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys highly maneuverable?

A: Yes, and able to turn on their axis or even to row backwards, though it required a skilled and experienced crew.

Q: Were galleys equipped with heavy bronze rams?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys used for purely ceremonial purposes by many rulers and states?

A: Yes.

Q: Was a galley completely overrun by an enemy boarding party?

A: Yes, and fresh troops could be fed into the fight from reserve vessels in the rear.

Q: Were galleys called triērēs in Greek?

A: Yes.

Q: Is a galley defined as the ships belonging to the Mediterranean tradition?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys introduced to the Baltic Sea in the 16th century but the details of their designs are lacking due to the absence of records?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys very similar in design?

A: Yes, though in general smaller, faster under sail, but slower under oars.

Q: Are galleys heavy from its introduction in the 1480s?

A: Yes, and capable of quickly demolishing the high, thin medieval stone walls that still prevailed in the 16th century.

Q: Were galleys deployed in action was when the Russian navy was attacked in Åbo in 1854 as part of the Crimean War?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys intended to be fought from the bows?

A: Yes, and were at their weakest along the sides, especially in the middle.

Q: Were galleys part of an invasion force of over 16,000 men that conquered the Azores in 158?

A: Yes, and art of an invasion force of over 16,000 men that conquered the Azores in 1583.

Q: Were galleys generally shorter with a length-to-width ratio from 5:1 to 7:1?

A: Yes, and an adaptation to the cramped conditions of the Baltic archipelagos.

Q: Were galleys a more "mature" technology with long-established tactics and traditions of supporting social institutions and naval organizations?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys similar dromons?

A: Yes, but without any heavy weapons and both faster and wider.

Q: Are galleys believed to have been considerably slower?

A: Yes, and especially since they were not built with ramming tactics in mind.

Q: Were galleys built to scale for the royal flotilla at the Grand Canal at Versailles for the amusement of the court?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys the warships used by the early Mediterranean naval powers?

A: Yes, and including the Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans.

Q: Is a galley characterized by its long, slender hull, shallow draft and low freeboard?

A: Yes, Virtually all types of galleys had sails that could be used in favorable winds, but human strength was always the primary method of propulsion.

Q: Are galleys assumed to have sailed only with the wind more or less astern with a top speed of 8-9 knots in fair conditions?

A: Yes.

Q: Was a galley capable of outperforming sailing vessel in early battles?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys named according to the number of oars?

A: Yes, and the number of banks of oars or lines of rowers.

Q: Were galleys more affordable than large and complex sailing warships?

A: Yes, and were used as defense against piracy.

Q: Were galleys honey?

A: Yes, and cheese, meat and live animals intended for gladiator combat.

Q: Were galleys too vulnerable to be used in large numbers in the open waters of the Atlantic?

A: Yes, and they were well-suited for use in much of the Baltic Sea by Denmark, Sweden, Russia and some of the Central European powers with ports on the southern coast.

Q: Were galleys constructed has therefore been a matter of looking at circumstantial evidence in literature?

A: Yes, and art, coinage and monuments that include ships, some of them actually in natural size.

Q: Was a galley found close to the island of San Marco in Boccalama?

A: Yes, and in the Venice Lagoon.

Q: Are galleys based on the numbers of rows or rowers plying the oars?

A: Yes, and not the number of rows of oars.

Q: Were galleys used primarily in the wars between Venice and the Ottoman Empire in their struggle for strategic island and coastal trading bases and until the 1720s by both France and Spain but for largely amphibious and cruising operations or in combination with heavy sailing ships in a major battle?

A: Yes, where they played specialized roles.

Q: Are galleys fragmentary?

A: Yes, and particularly in pre-Roman times.

Q: Are galleys mounted in the bow?

A: Yes, and which aligned easily with the long-standing tactical tradition of attacking head on, bow first.

Q: Were galleys built very light and the original triremes are assumed to never have been surpassed in speed?

A: Yes.

Q: Are galleys not used as a long-range standoff weapon against other gun-armed ships?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys also used to transport silver to Genoese bankers to finance Spanish troops against the Dutch uprising?

A: Yes.

Q: Were galleys used for raiding along coasts?

A: Yes, and in the constant fighting for naval bases.

Q: Were galleys mostly used as cruisers or for supporting sailing warships as a rearguard in fleet actions?

A: Yes, and similar to the duties performed by frigates outside the Mediterranean.