Feather FAQs:

Q: Are feathers epidermal growths that form the distinctive outer covering?

A: Yes, or plumage, on coelurosaurian dinosaurs.

Q: Are feathers caused by various carotenoids?

A: Yes.

Q: Was feather te has been used in a number of industrial applications as a medium for culturing microbes?

A: Yes, and biodegradeable polymers, and production of enzymes.

Q: Are feathers crushed and the feather remains or imprints are preserved?

A: Yes.

Q: Are feathers among the most complex integumentary appendages found in vertebrates and are formed in tiny follicles in the epidermis?

A: Yes, or outer skin layer, that produce keratin proteins.

Q: Were feathers used in the past to dress some of the miniature birds featured in singing bird boxes?

A: Yes.

Q: Are feathers their pigmentation or iridescence?

A: Yes, and contributing to sexual preference in mate selection.

Q: Are feathers produced by pigments?

A: Yes, and by microscopic structures that can refract, reflect, or scatter selected wavelengths of light, or by a combination of both.

Q: Are feathers dyed and manipulated to enhance their appearance?

A: Yes, as poultry feathers are naturally often dull in appearance compared to the feathers of wild birds.

Q: Are feathers also valuable in aiding the identification of species in forensic studies?

A: Yes, and particularly in bird strikes to aircraft.

Q: Are feathers light?

A: Yes, and a bird's plumage weighs two or three times more than its skeleton, since many bones are hollow and contain air sacs.

Q: Are feathers also apparent in the families Troodontidae and Dromaeosauridae?

A: Yes.

Q: Were feathers observed to degrade more quickly under bacterial action?

A: Yes, and even compared to unpigmented feathers from the same species, than those unpigmented or with carotenoid pigments.

Q: Are feathers fluffy because they lack barbicels?

A: Yes, so the barbules float free of each other, allowing the down to trap air and provide excellent thermal insulation.

Q: Are feathers stiffened so as to work against the air in the downstroke but yield in other directions?

A: Yes.

Q: Are feathers saurischians?

A: Yes, and however featherlike "filamentous integumentary structures" are also known from the ornithischians Tianyulong and Psittacosaurus.

Q: Are feathers believed to have evolved primarily in response to sexual selection?

A: Yes.

Q: Are feathers both soft and excellent at trapping heat?

A: Yes, thus, they are sometimes used in high-class bedding, especially pillows, blankets, and mattresses.

Q: Were feathers more resistant?

A: Yes, the authors cited other research also published in 2004 that stated increased melanin provided greater resistance.

Q: Are feathers not uniformly distributed on the skin of the bird except in some groups such as the penguins?

A: Yes, and ratites and screamers.

Q: Are feathers vaned feathers?

A: Yes.

Q: Are feathers governed by the eagle feather law?

A: Yes, and a federal law limiting the possession of eagle feathers to certified and enrolled members of federally recognized Native American tribes.