Q: Is a civilian "a person who is not a member of the military or of a police or firefighting force"? ¶
A: Yes, as defined by Merriam Webster's Dictionary.
Q: Is a civilian one not being a member of the armed services and does not take a direct part of hostilities in times of armed conflict? ¶
Q: Are civilians a breach of the customary laws of war and is binding on all belligerents? ¶
Q: Are civilians essentially passive onlookers of war? ¶
A: Yes, and sometimes they have active roles in conflicts.
Q: Is a civilian any person who does not belong to one of the categories of persons referred to in Article 4A? ¶
A: Yes, and , and of the Third Convention and in Article 43 of this Protocol.
Q: Are civilians given protection under the Geneva Conventions and Protocols thereto? ¶
Q: Is a civilian believed to have been used to refer to non-combatants as early as 1829? ¶
Q: Are civilians conducting offensive military operations and do not qualify as civilians? ¶