Carbon FAQs:

Q: Is carbon one of the few elements known since antiquity?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon Kohlenstoff?

A: Yes, and koolstof and kulstof respectively, all literally meaning coal-substance.

Q: Is carbon bonded to?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon comparatively unreactive under normal conditions?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon used in chemical reduction at high temperatures?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon exhaled by animals as carbon dioxide?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon reported to exhibit ferromagetism?

A: Yes, and fluorescence, and a hardness superior to diamonds.

Q: Is carbon scattered into space as dust?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon limestones?

A: Yes, and dolomites and carbon dioxide, but significant quantities occur in organic deposits of coal, peat, oil, and methane clathrates.

Q: Is carbon essential to all known living systems, and without it life as we know it could not exist?

A: Yes, The major economic use of carbon other than food and wood is in the form of hydrocarbons, most notably the fossil fuel methane gas and crude oil. Crude oil is distilled in refineries by the petrochemical industry to produce gasoline, kerosene, and other products.

Q: Is carbon abundant in the Sun?

A: Yes, and stars, comets, and in the atmospheres of most planets.

Q: Is carbon the sixth element?

A: Yes, and with a ground-state electron configuration of 1s22s22p2, of which the four outer electrons are valence electrons.

Q: Is carbon known to form almost ten million different compounds?

A: Yes, and a large majority of all chemical compounds.

Q: Is carbon the 15th most abundant element in the Earth's crust?

A: Yes, and the fourth most abundant element in the universe by mass after hydrogen, helium, and oxygen.

Q: Is carbon also found in methane hydrates in polar regions and under the seas?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon understood to exclusively form four bonds?

A: Yes, and an interesting compound containing an octahedral hexacoordinated carbon atom has been reported.

Q: Is carbon formed in the interiors of stars in the horizontal branch by the collision and transformation of three helium nuclei?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon amorphous carbon?

A: Yes, and graphite, and diamond.

Q: Were carbons greater?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon found in the Earth's atmosphere and dissolved in all water bodies?

A: Yes, Around 1,900 gigatonnes of carbon are present in the biosphere.

Q: Was carbon discovered in prehistory and was known in the forms of soot and charcoal to the earliest human civilizations?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon a very short-lived species and?

A: Yes, and therefore, carbon is stabilized in various multi-atomic structures with different molecular configurations called allotropes.

Q: Is carbon 2.5?

A: Yes, and significantly higher than the heavier group 14 elements , but close to most of the nearby nonmetals as well as some of the second- and third-row transition metals.

Q: Is carbon produced in diesel engine exhaust fumes?

A: Yes, and may accumulate in the lungs.

Q: Was carbon created during the Big Bang?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon released as carbon dioxide to the atmosphere from burning of fossil fuels?

A: Yes.

Q: Is carbon the fourth most abundant chemical element in the universe by mass after hydrogen?

A: Yes, and helium, and oxygen.

Q: Is carbon a constituent of the very large masses of carbonate rock?

A: Yes, Coal is very rich in carbon and is the largest commercial source of mineral carbon, accounting for 4,000 gigatonnes or 80% of fossil fuel.

Q: Is carbon atomic nuclei that contain six protons plus a number of neutrons?

A: Yes, Carbon has two stable, naturally occurring isotopes.