Ammonia FAQs:

Q: Are ammonia a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia much more energy efficient?

A: Yes, and it would be a much lower cost to produce, store, and deliver hydrogen as ammonia than as compressed and/or cryogenic hydrogen.

Q: Are ammonia known as λ5-amine?

A: Yes, or more commonly, ammonium hydride.

Q: Are ammonia converted to carbamoyl phosphate by the enzyme carbamoyl phosphate synthetase?

A: Yes, and then enters the urea cycle to be either incorporated into amino acids or excreted in the urine.

Q: Are ammonia moderately basic?

A: Yes, and a 1.0 M aqueous solution has a pH of 11.

Q: Are ammonia recorded from interstellar grains in the Becklin-Neugebauer Object and probably in NGC 2264-IR as well?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia first detected in interstellar space in 1968?

A: Yes, and based on microwave emissions from the direction of the galactic core.

Q: Are ammonia an invaluable tool in understanding this surrounding molecular material?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia used for treatment of cotton materials?

A: Yes, and giving properties like mercerisation, using alkalis.

Q: Are ammonia also a metabolic product of amino acid deamination catalyzed by enzymes such as glutamate dehydrogenase 1?

A: Yes, Ammonia excretion is common in aquatic animals.

Q: Are ammonia its basicity?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia imaged using the VLA in IC 342?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia named ammine in the nomenclature of coordination compounds?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia basic?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia the best-known and most widely studied nonaqueous ionising solvent?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia "strongly antiseptic .."?

A: Yes, it requires 1.4 grams per litre to preserve beef tea.

Q: Are ammonia directly or indirectly the precursor to most nitrogen-containing compounds?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia considered to be a weak base?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia one of the most highly produced inorganic chemicals?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia important for normal animal acid/base balance?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia considered a surprise as deuterium is relatively scarce?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia usually slow?

A: Yes, and there is still a risk of explosion, particularly if transition metal ions are present as possible catalysts.

Q: Are ammonia both extremely reactive?

A: Yes, and the temperature of liquid ammonia makes it susceptible to explosive boiling when reactants are added.

Q: Are ammonia less dense than atmosphere?

A: Yes, and has approximately 60% of the lifting power of hydrogen or helium.

Q: Are ammonia miscible with water?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia produced from the Hydro plant at Vemork?

A: Yes, and via the electrolysis route.

Q: Are ammonia removed by any algae present?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia widely used in industrial refrigeration applications and hockey rinks because of its high energy efficiency and low cost?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia commonly used in the illegal manufacture of methamphetamine through a Birch reduction?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia a constituent of tobacco smoke?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia used to scrub SO2 from the burning of fossil fuels?

A: Yes, and the resulting product is converted to ammonium sulfate for use as fertilizer.

Q: Are ammonia dangerous because it is hygroscopic and because it can freeze flesh?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia capable of replacement by metals?

A: Yes, and thus magnesium burns in the gas with the formation of magnesium nitride Mg3N2, and when the gas is passed over heated sodium or potassium, sodamide, NaNH2, and potassamide, KNH2, are formed.

Q: Are ammonia present in coking wastewater streams?

A: Yes, as a liquid by-product of the production of coke from coal.

Q: Are ammonia sold either as ammonia liquor or as pressurized or refrigerated anhydrous liquid ammonia transported in tank cars or cylinders?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia an irritant and irritation increases with concentration?

A: Yes, the permissible exposure limit is 25 ppm, and lethal above 500 ppm.

Q: Are ammonia both a metabolic waste and a metabolic input throughout the biosphere?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia observed in several galactic objects including W3?

A: Yes, and Orion A, W43, W51, and five sources in the galactic centre.

Q: Are ammonia well known as a weak base?

A: Yes, and it can also act as an extremely weak acid.

Q: Are ammonia a colourless gas with a characteristic pungent smell?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia classified as toxic and dangerous for the environment?

A: Yes, The gas is flammable and can form explosive mixtures with air. The permissible exposure limit in the United States is 50 ppm , while the IDLH concentration is estimated at 300 ppm.

Q: Are ammonia less flammable than petrol or LPG?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia used to power buses in Belgium?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia first isolated by Joseph Black in 1756 by reacting sal ammoniac with calcined magnesia?

A: Yes, It was isolated again by Peter Woulfe in 1767, by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1770 and by Joseph Priestley in 1773 and was termed by him "alkaline air". Eleven years later in 1785, Claude Louis Berthollet ascertained its composition.

Q: Are ammonia harmful to fish species and can result in poor growth and feed conversion rates?

A: Yes, and reduced fecundity and fertility and increase stress and susceptibility to bacterial infections and diseases.

Q: Is ammonium converted into uric acid?

A: Yes, and which is solid, and can therefore be excreted with minimal water loss.

Q: Are ammonia discharged to the marine environment where it acts as a pollutant?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia produced from atmospheric nitrogen by enzymes called nitrogenases?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia also found throughout the Solar System on Mars?

A: Yes, and Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto, among other places: on smaller, icy planets such as Pluto, ammonia can act as a geologically important antifreeze, as a mixture of water and ammonia can potentially have a melting point of as low as 173 kelvins if the ammonia concentration is high enough and thus allow such planets to retain internal oceans and active geology at a far lower temperature than would be possible with water alone.

Q: Are ammonia a solution of NH3 in water used as a general purpose cleaner for many surfaces?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia decomposed into its constituent elements?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia currently used commercially to reduce or eliminate microbial contamination of beef?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia used to produce explosives to sustain war efforts?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia important to the Muslim alchemists as early as the 8th century?

A: Yes, and first mentioned by the Persian chemist Jābir ibn Hayyān, and to the European alchemists since the 13th century, being mentioned by Albertus Magnus.

Q: Are ammonia found in trace quantities in nature?

A: Yes, and being produced from the nitrogenous animal and vegetable matter.

Q: Are ammonia used as fertilizers either as its salts?

A: Yes, and solutions or anhydrously.

Q: Are ammonia sometimes proposed as a practical alternative to fossil fuel for internal combustion engines?

A: Yes.

Q: Are ammonia both caustic and hazardous in its concentrated form?

A: Yes.

Q: Is ammonium excreted in the urine?

A: Yes, and resulting in net acid loss.

Q: Are ammonia an ionising solvent?

A: Yes, although less so than water, and dissolves a range of ionic compounds, including many nitrates, nitrites, cyanides, thiocyanates, metal cyclopentadienyl complexes and metal bis amides.

Q: Are ammonia regulated in the United States as a non-flammable gas, it still meets the definition of a material that is toxic by inhalation and requires a hazardous safety permit when transported in quantities greater than 13,248 L?

A: Yes, Household products containing ammonia should never be used in conjunction with products containing bleach, as the resulting chemical reaction produces highly toxic fumes.

Q: Are ammonia 11?

A: Yes.